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Learn About Title IX


Federal Laws

Title IX of the Education Amendments Act (1972)

Violence Against Womens Reauthorization Act (2013)

Campus SAVE Act (2013)

OCR Dear Colleague Letters (DCLs) and Guidance

DCL on Transgender Students (2016)

DCL on Title IX Coordinators (2015)

FAQ on Title IX Compliance (2014)

DCL on Retaliation (2013)

DCL on Pregnant Students (2013)

DCL on Title IX and Sexual Assault (2011)

DCL on Bullying and Protected Status (2010)

DCL on which activities constitute "athletics" under Title IX (2008)

DCL on Sexual Harassment (2006)

Clarification on Athletics and Title IX Compliance (2006)

Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance (2001)

Three-Part Test - Title IX and college Athletics (1996)

Policy interpretations - Title IX and College Athletics (1979)


Myth: Title IX only applies to athletic programs.
Fact: Athletics are not the only program of Universities' governed by Title IX.  Every program that a University conducts could be covered by Title IX.  For example, areas which fall within the scope of Title IX include:
  • Benefits and Leave
  • Courses
  • Counseling
  • Hiring and Retention of Employees
  • Recruitment, Admissions, Financial Aid and Scholarships
  • Sexual Assault
  • Sexual Harassment

Myth: Title IX applies only to Females.
Fact:  Title IX is a gender equity law which means it covers both males and females.  The law was written so that no person on the basis of their sex can be discriminated against.  It protects both sexes right to education.

Myth: According to Title IX, all educational activities and programs must be co-ed and open to both men and women.
Fact:  Title IX specifically allows for, or has been interpreted to allow for, single-sex programs in a number of categories. Included among those are: religious schools, traditional men’s/women’s colleges, social fraternities/sororities, youth service organizations such as, The Boy/Girl Scouts of America, and beauty pageants.

Myth: Gender bias in science, medicine, and engineering is not prohibited by Title IX.
Fact:  The under-representation of women in science, medicine, and engineering may violate Title IX. Educational institutions are required to provide women in these disciplines resources, support, and promotional opportunities comparable to their male colleagues.

Myth: Advocates for victims of Title IX who file complaints of discrimination for others are not protected from retaliation under Title IX.
Fact:  The U.S. Supreme Court has broadened the interpretation of Title IX to protect from retaliation, whistle-blowers who accuse educational institutions of sex discrimination. The court is of the opinion that reporting incidents of discrimination is integral to Title IX enforcement and would be discouraged if retaliation against those who report it goes unpunished.
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